Mount Ida Wedding Quilt
Alabama Department of Archives and History
The Mount Ida Wedding Quilt, 1851
Women of the Mallory and Welch families
The Mount Ida Wedding Quilt was created in 1851 near Talladega, Alabama, as a wedding gift from the twelve women who made the individual squares. This quilt displays the technique of applique, in which pieces of fabric are cut into shapes, and then sewn down to a backing support to create the quilt top. The designs take their inspiration from the printed chintz cotton fabrics that originated in India, and became popular in England in the seventeenth century. Their popularity spread to the U.S., and American mills began copying chintz designs around 1830. The quilt squares were individually appliqued, then sewn together to form the top and, as a final step, the whole was quilted to a backing. Each square bears the name and, in some cases, the homestead of the woman who designed and created it. Such an elaborately crafted product would have been a symbol of significant social status and wealth bestowed by established members of their community on the young couple.
Created in 1851 by the women of the Welch and Mallory families, the Mount Ida Wedding Quilt was a gift to celebrate the marriage of Virginia M. Mallory and James Eli Welch on November 20, 1851. The Welch and Mallory families moved to Alabama from Virginia in 1834.
Anna Maria Mallory (1813-1889) – Bride’s mother
Mary Jane Mallory (1822-1906) – Bride’s aunt
Ann T. Mallory Jenkins (1809-1851) – Bride’s aunt
Johannah Mallory (1828-?) – Bride’s aunt
Sarah T. Welch (1810-1861) – Groom’s stepmother
Mary J. White (1842-1874) – Groom’s stepsister
Hannah Eliz. Reynolds (1822-1890) – Groom’s sister
Mary Mallory (1811-1871) – Groom’s sister
Fannie A. Welch Burt (1818-1901) – Groom’s sister-in-law
Mary J. Welch (1823-1902) – Groom’s sister-in-law
Willie Ann Welch (1827-1896) – Groom’s sister-in-law
Ann Wallace (1832-1854) – Groom’s niece
Back to quilt pair.